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PKM Antibody

Datasheet
  • 货号:
    CSB-RA632595A0HU
  • 规格:
    ¥2200
  • 图片:
    • Western Blot
      Positive WB detected in: SH-SY5Y whole cell lysate, Jurkat whole cell lysate, MCF-7 whole cell lysate, Hela whole cell lysate, Raji whole cell lysate, 293 whole cell lysate, Mouse brain tissue
      All lanes: PKM antibody at 1:2000
      Secondary
      Goat polyclonal to rabbit IgG at 1/50000 dilution
      Predicted band size: 58, 59, 57 kDa
      Observed band size: 58 kDa
    • IHC image of CSB-RA632595A0HU diluted at 1:100 and staining in paraffin-embedded human lung cancer performed on a Leica BondTM system. After dewaxing and hydration, antigen retrieval was mediated by high pressure in a citrate buffer (pH 6.0). Section was blocked with 10% normal goat serum 30min at RT. Then primary antibody (1% BSA) was incubated at 4°C overnight. The primary is detected by a Goat anti-rabbit IgG polymer labeled by HRP and visualized using 0.05% DAB.
    • Immunofluorescence staining of Hela Cells with CSB-RA632595A0HU at 1:50, counter-stained with DAPI. The cells were fixed in 4% formaldehyde, permeated by 0.2% TritonX-100, and blocked in 10% normal Goat Serum. The cells were then incubated with the antibody overnight at 4°C. Nuclear DNA was labeled in blue with DAPI. The secondary antibody was FITC-conjugated AffiniPure Goat Anti-Rabbit IgG (H+L).
    • Overlay histogram showing HepG2 cells stained with CSB-RA632595A0HU (red line) at 1:50. The cells were fixed with 70% Ethylalcohol (18h) and then incubated in 10% normal goat serum to block non-specific protein-protein interactions followedby the antibody (1µg/1*106cells) for 1 h at 4℃.The secondary antibody used was FITC-conjugated goat anti-rabbit IgG (H+L) at 1/200 dilution for 30min at 4℃. Control antibody (green line) was Rabbit IgG (1µg/1*106cells) used under the same conditions. Acquisition of >10,000 events was performed.
    • Immunoprecipitating PKM in Hela whole cell lysate
      Lane 1: Rabbit control IgG instead of CSB-RA632595A0HU in Hela whole cell lysate. For western blotting,a HRP-conjugated Protein G antibody was used as the secondary antibody (1/2000)
      Lane 2: CSB-RA632595A0HU(2µg)+ Hela whole cell lysate(500µg)
      Lane 3: Hela whole cell lysate (10µg)
  • 其他:

优德亚洲平台

  • Uniprot No.:
  • 基因名:
    PKM
  • 别名:
    Pyruvate kinase PKM (EC 2.7.1.40) (Cytosolic thyroid hormone-binding protein) (CTHBP) (Opa-interacting protein 3) (OIP-3) (Pyruvate kinase 2/3) (Pyruvate kinase muscle isozyme) (Thyroid hormone-binding protein 1) (THBP1) (Tumor M2-PK) (p58), PKM, OIP3 PK2 PK3 PKM2
  • 反应种属:
    Human, Mouse
  • 免疫原:
    A synthesized peptide derived from human PKM2
  • 免疫原种属:
    Homo sapiens (Human)
  • 标记方式:
    Non-conjugated
  • 克隆类型:
    Monoclonal
  • w88优德体育手机app登录:抗体亚型:
    Rabbit IgG
  • 纯化方式:
    Affinity-chromatography
  • 克隆号:
    7B2
  • 浓度:
    It differs from different batches. Please contact us to confirm it.
  • 保存缓冲液:
    Rabbit IgG in phosphate buffered saline, pH 7.4, 150mM NaCl, 0.02% sodium azide and 50% glycerol.
  • 产品提供形式:
    Liquid
  • 应用范围:
    ELISA, WB, IHC, IF, FC, IP
  • 推荐稀释比:
    Application Recommended Dilution
    WB 1:500-1:5000
    IHC 1:50-1:200
    IF 1:20-1:200
    FC 1:20-1:200
    IP 1:200-1:1000
  • Protocols:
  • 储存条件:
    Upon receipt, store at -20°C or -80°C. Avoid repeated freeze.
  • 货期:
    Basically, we can dispatch the products out in 1-3 working days after receiving your orders. Delivery time maybe differs from different purchasing way or location, please kindly consult your local distributors for specific delivery time.

靶点详情

  • 功能:
    Glycolytic enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of a phosphoryl group from phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) to ADP, generating ATP. Stimulates POU5F1-mediated transcriptional activation. Plays a general role in caspase independent cell death of tumor cells. The ratio between the highly active tetrameric form and nearly inactive dimeric form determines whether glucose carbons are channeled to biosynthetic processes or used for glycolytic ATP production. The transition between the 2 forms contributes to the control of glycolysis and is important for tumor cell proliferation and survival.
  • 基因功能参考文献:
    1. results reveal that nBP1a/PKM2 interaction activates lipid metabolism genes in cancer cells and that Thr-59 phosphorylation of SREBP-1a plays an important role in cancer cell proliferation. PMID: 29514980
    2. we demonstrated that knockdown of PKM2 can inhibit GC cell proliferation, G1-S phase transition, can, especially, attenuate GC cell migration in vivo and in vitro, per contra, promote the (优德w88提款24小时未到)Autophagy, which may depend on mediating the PI3K-Akt signaling. PMID: 28588255
    3. PKM1 activated glucose catabolism and stimulated (优德w88提款24小时未到)Autophagy/mitophagy, favoring malignancy PMID: 29533781
    4. miRNA-139-5p inhibited cell proliferation, migration, and glycolysis in GBC, at least in part, by repressing pyruvate kinase M2 PMID: 30105813
    5. Mammalian target of rapamycin pathway promotes aerobic glycolysis in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma by upregulating pyruvate kinase M2 isoform PMID: 29916308
    6. PKM2 promotes tumor cell exosome release via phosphorylating protein SNAP23. PMID: 28067230
    7. proteins such as MMP2 and MMP9 as well as P38 expression were also affected by the PKM2 expression changes. These results proved that PKM2 could be involved in the progression of bladder cancer by mitogen-activated protein kinases signaling pathway. PMID: 30249877
    8. hypoxic stress in the hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)cells promoted YAP binding to HIF-1a in the nucleus and sustained HIF-1a protein stability to bind to PKM2 gene and directly activates PKM2 transcription to accelerate glycolysis PMID: 30180863
    9. overexpressed PKM2 led to increased CCND1 and decreased CDKN1A expression, whereas underexpressed PKM2 led to decreased CCND1 and increased CDKN1A expression in ovarian cancer cells. PMID: 29752805
    10. Our current study thus unveils a distinct regulatory function of PKM2, providing new options for therapeutic intervention targeting HIV-1-host interactions. PMID: 29607934
    11. PKM2 as a novel target of RUNX1-ETO and is specifically downregulated in RUNX1-ETO positive AML patients, indicating that PKM2 level might have a diagnostic potential in RUNX1-ETO associated AML. PMID: 28092997
    12. High M2-PK expression is associated with pancreatic cancer and peri-ampullary cancer. PMID: 29540198
    13. The activity of PKM2 was indispensable for the development and metastasis of OS. PMID: 29155364
    14. fFndings demonstrate that mDC activation requires an elevated intrinsic PKM2 level and that PKM2 improves the immune status of patients with SAA by enhancing the functions of mDCs and, consequently, CTLs. PMID: 29636835
    15. EGFR activation results in c-Src-mediated Cdc25A phosphorylation at Y59, which interacts with nuclear pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2). PMID: 27485204
    16. Study demonstrate that PKM2 plays an important role in metabolic activities, as well as in the malignancy of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma cells. PMID: 29393401
    17. Suggest a critical role for pyruvate kinase isozyme M2 in mediating the interaction between pancreatic cancer cells and pancreatic stellate cells. PMID: 29619774
    18. Results show that PK2 expression level is regulated by HSP90 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). HSP90 enhances PKM2 stability by inducing the phosphorylation of PKM2 at Thr-328. PMID: 29262861
    19. O-GlcNAcylation is a regulatory mechanism for PKM2 in cancer cells and serves as a bridge between PKM2 and metabolic reprogramming typical of the Warburg effect. PMID: 29229835
    20. Results indicate that PKM2 is positively correlated with Sp1 expression and demonstrate that Sp1 directly regulates its expression in castration-resistant prostate cancer. PMID: 29094170
    21. High PKM2 expression is associated with lung adenocarcinoma. PMID: 28489603
    22. Epigenetic silencing of miR-338 facilitates glioblastoma progression by preventing suppression the PKM2/beta-catenin axis. PMID: 28858851
    23. this study correlates TuM2PK with tumor size, CRP and CA 15-3 in metastatic breast carcinomas. PMID: 28869444
    24. PKM2 modulates the glycolysis and extracellular matrix generation, providing the vital role of PKM2 on osteoarthritis (OA) pathogenesis and a novel therapeutic target for OA. PMID: 29356574
    25. This work suggested that OA increased PKM1/PKM2 ratio, resulting in HNF-4alpha activation and hepatoma differentiation. PMID: 28726775
    26. the present findings enriched our knowledge by demonstrating a significant association of PKM2 and GLS1 with oxaliplatin-resistance in CRC. PMID: 28498807
    27. Elevated expression of PKM2 is a prognostic factor for poor gallbladder cancer (GBC) clinical outcomes, implied involving of PKM2 in GBC progression. PMID: 27283076
    28. PKM2 knockdown resulted in increased p53 expression and prolonged half-life of p53. PKM2 could directly bind with both p53 and MDM2 and promote MDM2-mediated p53 ubiquitination. The dimeric PKM2 significantly suppressed p53 expression compared with the other PKM2 mutants. PMID: 27801666
    29. Inhibition of the mTOR pathway abolished TGF-beta1-induced EMT and reduced mTOR/p70s6k signaling, which downregulated PKM2 expression. PMID: 28446743
    30. Study indicates that nitric oxide induces PKM2 nuclear translocation and promotes glycolysis in ovarian cancer cells. PMID: 28380434
    31. Authors report that AKT directly interacts with PKM2 and phosphorylates it at Ser-202, which is essential for the nuclear translocation of PKM2 protein under stimulation of IGF-1. In the nucleus, PKM2 binds to STAT5A and induces IGF-1-stimulated cyclin D1 expression, suggesting that PKM2 acts as an important factor inducing STAT5A activation under IGF-1 signaling. PMID: 27340866
    32. The results suggested that targeting PKM2 with an oncolytic adenovirus produced a strong antitumor effect. PMID: 28569774
    33. our results demonstrated that miR-let-7a inhibits cell proliferation, migration and invasion by down-regulation of PKM2 in cervical cancer PMID: 28415668
    34. Data show that cytomegalovirus encoded chemokine receptor US28 (US28) signaling in activation of the HIF-1alpha/PKM2 feedforward loop in fibroblasts and glioblastoma cells. PMID: 27602585
    35. High PKM2 expression is associated urothelial tumorigenesis. PMID: 26992222
    36. Report that PKM2 is succinylated at lysine 498 and succinylation increases its activity. SIRT5 binds to, desuccinylates and inhibits PKM2 activity. Increased levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) decreases succinylation and activity of PKM2 by increasing its binding to SIRT5. PMID: 28036303
    37. over-expression of PKM2 is associated with poor prognosis in most solid cancers and it might be a potentially useful biomarker for predicting cancer prognosis in future clinical applications. PMID: 27911861
    38. Interdependence of GLO I and PKM2 in the Metabolic shift to escape apoptosis in GLO I-dependent cancer cells PMID: 29225125
    39. This study demonstrates that lapachol inhibits glycolysis in cancer cells by targeting PKM2. Unlike the previously reported inhibitor shikonin, lapachol does not target mitochondria in tumor cell growth inhibition. PMID: 29394289
    40. In this study, we indicate that P53 (N340Q/L344R) promotes hepatocarcinogenesis through upregulation of PKM2 PMID: 27167190
    41. These findings indicate that shRNA-mediated silencing of PKM2 gene promotes apoptosis and inhibits aerobic glycolysis, proliferation, migration, and invasion in colorectal cancer cells. PMID: 28543190
    42. Due to achieved results concerning expression of PKM2 there is a lack of evidence for its diagnostic and prognostic usage in ovarian cancer. PMID: 29277786
    43. UCP2 stimulates hnRNPA2/B1, GLUT1 and PKM2 expression and sensitizes pancreatic cancer cells to glycolysis inhibition. PMID: 27989750
    44. These findings uncover a novel mechanism through which mitochondrial PKM2 phosphorylates Bcl2 and inhibits apoptosis directly. PMID: 28035139
    45. These findings suggested that PKM2 and GLS might play important roles in the proliferation of hypoxic gastric cancer cells PMID: 29032577
    46. demonstrated that lincRNA-p21 blunted the prostate cancer cell proliferation and tumorigenic capacity through down-regulation of PKM2 PMID: 28994148
    47. we demonstrated that SHP-1 dephosphorylates PKM2Y105 to inhibit the Warburg effect and nucleus-dependent cell proliferation, and the dephosphorylation of PKM2Y105 by SHP-1 determines the efficacy of targeted drugs for hepatocellular carcinoma treatment PMID: 26959741
    48. The PKM2-shRNA group exhibited reduced PKM2 mRNA and protein expression, whereas p53 and p21 expression was increased compared with the blank and empty plasmid groups. PMID: 28746922
    49. The CARM1-PKM2 axis serves as a metabolic reprogramming mechanism in tumorigenesis. PMID: 29058718
    50. PKM2 activity is higher in patients with NSCLC than in healthy subjects. The level of PKM2 activity is associated with advanced stage of cancer. PMID: 27683215

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  • 亚细胞定位:
    Cytoplasm, Nucleus
  • 【优德线上娱乐场】蛋白家族:
    Pyruvate kinase family
  • 组织特异性:
    Specifically expressed in proliferating cells, such as embryonic stem cells, embryonic carcinoma cells, as well as cancer cells.
  • 数据库链接:

    HGNC: 9021

    OMIM: 179050

    KEGG: hsa:5315

    STRING: 9606.ENSP00000320171

    UniGene: Hs.534770



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